Drupal | Database Server (Requirement)

Drupal History

postgrel_database sqlite_databasemysql_database

 

MySQL (or an equivalent such as MariaDB)

  1. Drupal 5.x and earlier supports MySQL 3.23.17 or higher. MySQL 4.1 or higher is strongly recommended.
  2. Drupal 6 supports MySQL 4.1 or higher.
  3. Drupal 7 supports MySQL 5.0.15 or higher (or MySQL 5.1.30 or higher), and requires the PDO database extension for PHP.
  4. Drupal 7 has some support for MongoDB and Drupal 8 is likely to be able to to run solely on MongoDB.

There are several drop-in replacements for MySQL. Drupal has been extensively tested with MariaDB, and version 5.1.44 (or greater) is recommended. It is also likely that other drop-in replacements will work well with Drupal, but they have not specifically undergone testing.

PostgreSQL

Note: Some contributed modules are not as abstracted from MySQL-specific code as everyone would like. If you are familiar with PostgreSQL please file issues with those contributed modules as you find them.

  1. Drupal 6 supports PostgreSQL 7.1 or higher
  2. Drupal 7 supports PostgreSQL 8.3 or higher

SQLite 3.x – Drupal 7 only

SQLite 3.3.7 or higher.

Note: Some contributed modules are not as abstracted from MySQL-specific code as everyone would like. If you are familiar with SQLite please file issues with those contributed modules as you find them.

Other database servers

Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle are supported by an additional module.

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Drupal | Web Server (Requirement)

Drupal Requirements

Drupal works on any web server with PHP support.

Apache (Recommended)

Apache is the most commonly used web server for Drupal. Drupal will work on Apache 2.x hosted on UNIX/Linux, OS X, or Windows.

The majority of Drupal development and deployment is done on Apache, so there is more community experience and testing performed on Apache than on other web servers. Drupal 7 and 6 will likely work on Apache 1.3.

You can use the Apache ‘mod_rewrite’ extension to allow for clean URLs.

The Apache Virtual host configuration must contain the directive Allow Override All to allow Drupal’s  .htaccess file to be used.

Ngnix

Nginx is a commonly used web server that focuses on high concurrency, performance and low memory usage.

Drupal will work on Nginx legacy versions (0.7.x, 0.8.x, 1.0.x), stable 1.2.x versions, and development 1.3.x versions hosted on UNIX/Linux, OS X, or Windows. Nginx is a popular alternative to Apache, so there is also significant community experience and testing performed on Nginx.

For information on enabling clean URLs, see Clean URLs with NGINX.

Microsoft IIS

Microsoft IIS is a web server and set of feature extension modules for use with Microsoft Windows.

Drupal core will work with IIS 5, IIS 6, or IIS 7 if PHP is configured correctly.

To achieve clean URLs you may need to use a third party product. For IIS 7 you can use the Microsoft URL Rewrite Module or a third party solution.

On IIS 7 Drupal requires Windows 2008 Server SP2 or later for fastCGI support.

Theme of Content Management System

CMS Theme

A web content management system (WCMS) is a software system that provides website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools designed to allow users with little knowledge of web programming languages or markup languages to create and manage website content with relative ease. A robust WCMS provides the foundation for collaboration, offering users the ability to manage documents and output for multiple author editing and participation.

Most systems use a content repository or a database to store page content, metadata, and other information assets that might be needed by the system.

A presentation layer (template engine) displays the content to website visitors based on a set of templates, which are sometimes XSLT files.

Most systems use server side caching to improve performance. This works best when the WCMS is not changed often but visits happen regularly.

Administration is also typically done through browser-based interfaces, but some systems require the use of a fat client.

A WCMS allows non-technical users to make changes to a website with little training. A WCMS typically requires a systems administrator and/or a web developer to set up and add features, but it is primarily a website maintenance tool for non-technical staff.

Courtesy : to wikipedia

Drupal History

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In 2000, permanent Internet connections were at a premium for University of Antwerp students, so Dries Buytaert and Hans Snijder set up a wireless bridge between their student dorms to share Hans’s ADSL modem connection among eight students. While this was an extremely luxurious situation at that time, something was missing: There was no means to discuss or share simple things.

This inspired Dries to work on a small news site with a built-in web board, allowing the group of friends to leave each other notes about the status of the network, to announce where they were having dinner, or to share some noteworthy news items.

The software did not have a name until the day after Dries moved out after graduation. The group decided to put the internal website online so they could stay in touch, keep sharing interesting findings, and narrate snippets of their personal lives. While looking for a suitable domain name, Dries settled for ‘drop.org’ after he made a typo to see if the name ‘dorp.org’ was still available. Dorp is the Dutch word for ‘village’, which was considered a fitting name for the small community.

Once drop.org was established on the Web, its audience changed as the members began talking about new web technologies, such as moderation, syndication, rating, and distributed authentication. Drop.org slowly turned into a personal experimentation environment, driven by the discussions and flow of ideas. The discussions about these web technologies were tried out on drop.org itself as new additions to the software running the site.

It was only later, in January 2001, that Dries decided to release the software behind drop.org as “Drupal.” The purpose was to enable others to use and extend the experimentation platform so that more people could explore new paths for development. The name Drupal, pronounced “droo-puhl,” derives from the English pronunciation of the Dutch word “druppel,” which means “drop.”

Official Website

About Drupal

About Drupal

Drupal is open source software maintained and developed by a community of 630,000+ users and developers. It’s distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (or “GPL”), which means anyone is free to download it and share it with others. This open development model means that people are constantly working to make sure Drupal is a cutting-edge platform that supports the latest technologies that the Web has to offer. The Drupal project’s principles encourage modularity, standards, collaboration, ease-of-use, and more.

Click to View  Offical Website of Drupal